Marxist Theory of Crime Concept Map
Sweeps the worst cases of poverty out of site The inprisonment of lower classes neutralises oposition to the system We ignore the fact that its crimogenic capitalism which causes crime in the first place Marxist Theory of Crime The ideological functions of selective law enforcement The Basics All classes commit crime individual elite crime e.g. fraud Marxists focus on David Gordon: dog eat dog society Means crime is a necessary consequence of capitalism Capitalism breeds crime because it... All classes commit crime, higher classes are just more likely to get away with it 1970s Explain crime in relation to power inequalities created by capitalism Corporate Crime Institutional crime e.g. health and safety negligence white collar crime The economic costs of corporate crime are greater than the costs of street crime Capitalism is Crimogenic Encourages selfishness Encourages greed and materialism Encourages exploitation Creates inequality and poverty The elite make the law in their own interests Harmful acts by states are sometimes not even labelled as criminal - eg colonialism and numerous wars Snider - govts reulctant to pass laws which restrict businesses Chambliss- private property is at the heart of the capitalism system Criticisms Crime in the UK has been decreasing even more with neoliberalism Street crime does more harm than corporate crime Crime exists in non capitalist societies The crimes of the elite tend to go unpunished (Tombs and Whyte) Positive evaluations dog explains both WC and elite crime Lots of case studies and stats to support the harms of corporate crime
publish time: 2021-08-10
This is a concept map of Marxist theory of crime. Marxists theory adopts the belief that the ruling class is responsible for societies. They think crime is systematically generated by the structure of capitalist society. Marxists believe that society is divided into two classes, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
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