Here is a solar eclipse diagram, from which you can see how it works physically. Solar eclipse is a phenomenon that occurs when the sun gets out of the vision of people on earth due to the moon's position. When the sun, earth, and moon are aligned, the moon's shadow partially blocks the sun, which is the reason behind the solar eclipse. The total eclipse occurs when the new moon comes in a position between the earth and the sun. The dark shadow of the moon blocks out the sun from the sight of the people of earth. In an annular eclipse, the moon covers the center and the sun's edges to form the "ring of fire." As the earth rotates on its axis around the sun and the moon revolves around the earth, the eclipse area changes slightly. Learn more details from this diagram, or try to make yours with ease now.