It is a pictorial representation of six of the most important types of algorithms. Let's discuss it below;
Recursive algorithm: It recurs with a simpler subproblem and does some work to solve the simpler subproblem in a solution to the given problem.
Divide and conquer algorithm: It divides the given problem into two (usually) or more sub-problems and finds their solutions. It then combines the solutions to find the answer.
Dynamic programming algorithm: It remembers the results from past problems and uses them to find solutions to new situations.
Greedy algorithm: A greedy algorithm divides a specific problem into different stages and finds the best solution to every step.
Brute force algorithm: It explores every possibility and scenario until the best and most satisfactory solution is reached.
Backtracking algorithm: It conducts different tests to see if a solution is found and if no solution is available, it looks for other choices and recurs until success or failure.