This ICU Floor Plan highlights the designated high-risk area for infection prevention and a concentration of lifesaving medical aid and nursing care for critically ill patients. Engineering controls play an important role during design, commissioning, and operation. The designer of an ICU should not only understand clinical workflow and protocol but also have a strong understanding of engineering controls. This ICU floor plan is based on the type/usage of the ICU, which can be general or specialty-based, such as medical, cardiac, neurosurgical, transplant, or pediatric. The ICU should be close to the operating room, diagnostic imaging services, and laboratory.