This Side Gallery Shotgun House Plan includes a hall or side porch on one side of the house. Typically, shotgun houses do not have hallways. Shotgun houses became the most common type of dwelling in working-class African American communities in many Southern cities because they were inexpensive to build and could be packed tightly on narrow plots of land. The design's advantages and disadvantages were closely linked, as evidenced by this Side Gallery Shotgun House Plan. Shotgun houses are typically one room wide (12 feet) and three or four rooms deep. The front door straight opens into the living room, followed by one or two bedrooms and the kitchen in the back.