The Matrilineal Kinship Chart exemplifies the Matrilineal Kinship system. Lineage and inheritance are traced through a group's female members in matrilineal kinship systems, and children are members of their mother's kinship group. In patrilineal systems, group membership is determined by men, and children are members of their father's kinship group. This Matrilineal Kinship Chart exemplifies matrilineal. Matrilineal refers to a relative, behavior, or characteristic traced back to a mother's lineage. Someone who is half Italian because their mother is Italian is an example of matrilineal descent. Only female ancestors are being traced.