This conceptual framework in research is commonly used to refer to the overall structure that shapes a research project. A conceptual framework in research is similar to a road map for your study, assisting you in visualizing and carrying out your research project. It defines the variables for your analysis and shows how they may be related to one another. A theoretical framework introduces and narrates the theory/theories that underpin the research question. Thus, theoretical frameworks aid research by describing and drawing on relevant theoretical aspects gleaned from prior work. Different types of studies make use of conceptual frameworks in different ways.