A concept map depicts how students connect, organize, and synthesize information in a graphical format. It lets students think deeply about chemistry by assisting them in understanding more efficiently and retrieving information more effectively. Students can challenge their chemistry beliefs when discussing their maps with the group. Concept mapping effectively integrates science and literacy as a starting point for writing about science. Concept maps can be created using tables, charts, graphic organizers, flowcharts, diagrams, timelines, and other visual illustrations.