A sperm analysis examines the quantity and quality of a man's sperm. It is one of the first steps in determining male fertility problems. The test also determines whether or not a vasectomy was successful. Semen analysis entails collecting a sample of sperm and analyzing it in a laboratory. Semen analysis is a lab test that utilizes a microscope to examine a sample of sperm. It assesses factors such as sperm count, activity (motility), and shape (morphology). Healthcare providers handle and test the sperm using research-based methods. Using a lab that specializes in sperm analysis ensures accurate results. A post-vasectomy semen analysis determines whether or not the semen contains sperm.