SNA (social network analysis) is a social network's quantitative and qualitative analysis. SNA evaluates the flow of relationships and relationship changes between entities that possess knowledge. Websites, computers, animals, organizations, and nations are examples of simple and complex entities. The SNA structure comprises node entities like humans and ties like relationships. Modern thought and computing development aided in the gradual evolution of the social networking concept in the form of highly complex and graph-based networks with a wide range of nodes and ties. These networks are critical to problem-solving, administration, and operations procedures and initiatives.