This Grid Matrix Diagram is a project management and planning tool for analyzing and comprehending data set relationships. Matrix charts compare elements from two or more groups or elements within a single group. They assist project managers in determining how information is related and the strength of those relationships. A symbol in the cell where each pair of elements intersects indicates the relationship between them. The matrix shape you use will be determined by the number of factors to be compared. Matrix diagrams are classified into five types: L-shaped, Y-shaped, C-shaped, T-shaped, and X-shaped.