A cross-functional flowchart is a more advanced version of traditional flow charts with swimlanes; it depicts who does what and when in the grid-like diagram made of sections. The cross-functional flowcharts also show the relationship between the steps or stages of a process or activity and the people, departments, or functional areas in charge of that process. Cross-functional flowcharts are widely used to document processes in large and small organizations, software houses, and manufacturing plants. Cross-functional flowcharts clarify the process by improving it and defining everyone's responsibilities, roles, or part in a circle. This reduces inefficiencies and ensures smooth execution by making it practical and efficient.