This image of fracking's pros and cons represents a list of potential benefits and drawbacks. The term "fracking" refers to hydraulic fracturing. It is a method of encouraging the production of hydrocarbons from unconventional gas reserves. To put it another way, it is a method of extracting more valuable fluids such as oil and natural gas from geologic formations beneath the ground. Fracking has been a contentious issue. It creates jobs in the energy sector and strengthens its position in the global energy market. This fracking pros and cons image displays a detailed list of the benefits and drawbacks of fracking.