How a Bill Becomes a Law Flowchart
No matter how complex the process of how a bill becomes law may seem, EdrawMax can help you construct flowcharts making the process highly visually understandable.
1. Lead-in Part
A bill can become a law when it passes through the relevant House and Senate and reaches the President to approve the legislation. If the President opposes the Bill, the Bill may get a veto. However, to get a bill to contact the President and become law, the Bill has to undergo a long process. From being introduced in a single House and passing through the Committee to having to experience the same process in the other House before it reaches the President may be a complex process.
Since the process of how a bill becomes a law is complicated and complex, using how a bill becomes a law flowchart helps understand the process better. In this article, we will help you look through all the steps by which a bill becomes a law using flowcharts that you can make easily through EdrawMax.
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2. Bill vs Law
You may be curious about the difference between bill and law. Here, we will describe their definitions and clearify the difference between them.
2.1 What’s a Bill?
A proposed or presented law in a legislature is known as a Bill. A bill is delivered within a congress so that it can gain deliberation or approval of the members given within the Chambers or Houses, after which it may be approved or opposed by the Head of the government or President.
Within the legislature, a reviewal of the Bill occurs by going through the primary purpose and merits. Delegating a separate committee helps examine the Bill thoroughly and make relevant amendments. The Bill's totality or entirety is then checked together in correspondence to the revisions. After repetition of the process at the other House, the President has the right to approve or veto the Bill. In case of a veto, both the houses (with a two-thirds majority) can counter the embargo.
2.2 What’s a Law?
When a system of rules is put into enactment or action using the law of enforcement systems, you have a Law. Ignoring the law may lead to punishment or rehabilitation from law enforcement groups such as prisons and courts that apprehend the law.
After the proposal through the legislators and is approved by the committees and the Head of government or executive officer, they become law. Laws are a critical aspect of the constitution and can help shape a nation.
2.3 Bill vs. Law
Although it is common to use the words Bill and law interchangeably, it is incorrect. But what is the significant difference between a bill and a law? The definition of a bill revolves around being a proposed law or legislation. A bill's implementation may not occur until or unless the two houses and the Head of government approve it. The Bill will cease to exist if either member of the Committee of either of the House or the Head of government rejects the proposed law or Bill. Only if the Bill is approved by houses and the executive officer or President does it become a law implemented as a statute.
The significant differences between a bill and a law are as follows:
- An account is a proposed law or legislation, whereas a law is a bill approved by both houses and the Head of government that enforces a statute.
- The creation of a bill occurs by legislators, whereas legislators or judges in the judiciary may source the product of law.
3. 9 Steps How a Bill Becomes a Law
For a bill to become law, the legislation has to go through 9 critical stages or steps. The following stages explain how a bill becomes a law:
Step 1: Drafting the Bill
Any member of the House of Representatives or the Senate can come up with a bill for becoming law. The drafted Bill comes from Congress members, advocacy teams, and citizens. The Congress member who comes up with the Bill is known as the sponsor, whereas other members in support of the Bill are known as the co-sponsors.
Step 2: Introducing the Bill
Depending on the sponsor of the Bill, the Bill goes to the Senate or the House. If the Bill initiates from the Senate, a senator will be the sponsor, whereas when a bill comes from the House, the sponsor is a representative. Once a bill has been initiated, on the official website, all federal legislations are tracked.
Step 3: Referral of the Bill to the Committee
After the introduction of the Bill, the Bill goes to the Committee. Each Committee within the House and Senate is interested in various topics such as international affairs or health-related issues. Once a bill is presented to a committee, it is closely examined, and the c committee may hold meetings and hearings to better understand the Bill. The opinions of experts, officials, executives, and opponents of the legislator are heard through these hearings and meetings. If the Committee may not act on a bill, the Bill is to become dead.
Step 4: Review of the Bill by the Subcommittee
Subcommittees under committees specialize in specific interests or topics. Committees refer the Bill to a subcommittee for further studies and hearings. The subcommittee has the power to make amendments to the Bill and can send it back to the Committee for review again.
Step 5: The Committee meets to markup the Bill
After all the hearings and reviews within the subcommittee, the Bill is sent to the Committee to mark up. If the Committee decides or votes not to report the Bill to the entire Congress, the Bill will die. However, if it does vote in favor of the legislation, it reports to the floor.
Step 6: Full chamber vote on the Bill
When a bill reaches the floor, other debates and amendments can pitch in by the full chamber members. Either the Bill is defeated or passed by the members then.
Step 7: Bill referral to the other chamber
When the Senate or House introduces a bill, the Bill has to undergo the entire process in the other chamber that did not present the Bill. The other chamber can reject, approve, ignore or amend the Bill. A conference committee is supposed to resolve disagreements within the two sections regarding the proposed legislation. If they cannot reach a mutual agreement, the Bill will automatically die. If an agreement reaches, the Committee prepares a conference report with critical recommendations that both the Senate and House approve of.
Step 8: The Bill reaches the President
Once the Senate and House approve the Bill in a similar form, the Bill passes on to the President for further approval. If the President approves the Bill, the process becomes more accessible, and the Bill becomes law. However, if the President does not respond to the Bill within ten days of Congress being in session, the Bill may automatically become law. Moreover, if the President rejects the Bill, Congress may veto it. Within ten days, if no action occurs and Congress has already postponed, a pocket-veto is then held.
Step 9: Override the veto
In case of the President vetoes the Bill, Congress can attempt to override the veto. If the House and Senate have a two-thirds majority in favor of the Bill, the Bill becomes law after overruling the President's veto.
4. Free Editable How a Bill Becomes a Law Flowchart
Here are some how a bill becomes a law flowcharts, you can better understand the process of a bill becoming a law through different flowcharts, and there is an empty template you can use to deepen your understanding of this process.
1, How a Bill Becomes a Law Steps
This has a horizontal flowchart display the progress of how a bill becomes a law flowcharts.
2, How a Bill Becomes a Law Flowchart
The bill-to-law process is depicted in detail in this flowchart, highlighting the numerous steps a potential bill must go through before being signed into law. Unlike many other charts, this one includes additional information about the process.
3, Blank How a Bill Becomes a Law Flowchart
This is a blank flowchart that depicts the process by which a bill becomes a law. When a bill is passed by both Houses of Congress and signed by the president, it becomes law. Because of the numerous steps involved, this can be a difficult process.
5. Online How a Bill Becomes a Law Flowchart Maker
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6. Key Takeaways
After reading this article, you must have a clear understanding the progress of a bill becoming a law with a bill becomes a law flowchart. As complicated and complex as it seems, understanding how a bill becomes a law can be more accessible using flowcharts. To understand the steps of how a bill becomes a law, we're sure you wouldn't want to scribble around diagrams and flowcharts to develop a safe and visually understandable form of the process. Edrawmax allows you to create professional flowcharts and graphs that stand out in all possible ways regardless of the complexity of the task.
If you want to get more types flowcharts, you can get from Flowchart Examples.