Science Diagram — Types, Examples And Tips

Diagrams are pivotal for studying science—all branches of the subject, be it biology, physics, or chemistry, use various types of diagrams to simulate complex technical data for delivering accuracy of perception to an unperceived reader. In fact, diagrams cover more than 50% of science education and even adds to the marks in examinations. Apart from study materials, scientists and engineers heavily use the medium of diagrams to define their findings and visions, such as mechanisms, chemical equations, or engineering plans.

Unlike fine art, scientific diagramming is entirely based on accuracy. Even though many science diagrams use abstract symbols, there is little room for free-will artistry. Even a single inaccurate or inappropriate line can falter the accuracy of the information, cause a drop in academic marks or cause a plan to fail. Therefore, diagramming requires a good deal of practice and mastered precision.

That’s what draws us closer to the utility of diagramming software, such as EdrawMax. This is a powerful resource to pull-off a wide variety of scientific diagrams, such as illustrations, graphs, charts, demographics, models and so on. The suite is so easy to use those students at the primary level can use it independently. Meanwhile, it is powerful to cover almost all diagramming requirements at all science branches and levels of application.

What are Science Diagrams?

Science Diagrams are copies of technical data that are typically drawn by scientists, from the account of their practical observations and studies, such as biological dissections, chemical experiments, geological analysis or exploration of mechanics. It is all for visualization, which makes knowledge sharing so much easier and faster.

Science Diagrams carry a much different utility than imaginative or hypothetical artwork. While all forms of drawings and illustrations carry some kind of visual representation, that may be of an idea, message or information; the prism of scientific diagrams is but all about factual details, proffering semblance of reality. There are numerous types of science diagrams, that can be primarily categorized into the following :

1. Schematic Diagram

The objective of Schematic Diagramming is to interpret typically complex information and elements in an overtly simplified yet comprehensive manner. This sort of diagrams uses symbolic and abstract lines, shapes and text to convey information, instead of realistic pictures. Its common usages include electrical or circuit diagrams, mechanical and engineering components or chemical diagrams denoting chemical symbiosis, molecular structures, equations, etc.

Schematic Diagram
2. Graphs & Charts

The objective of Schematic Diagramming is to interpret typically complex information and elements in an overtly simplified yet comprehensive manner. This sort of diagrams uses symbolic and abstract lines, shapes and text to convey information, instead of realistic pictures. Its common usages include electrical or circuit diagrams, mechanical and engineering components or chemical diagrams denoting chemical symbiosis, molecular structures, equations, etc.

3. Illustrations

Illustrations are the primitive form of scientific imagery, especially in the life sciences, that is perhaps as old as the parietal drawings from the Upper Paleolithic Era. There are many sub-categories to Science Illustration, signifying the different branches of Biology Diagrams, Technical Diagrams, and Ecological Diagrams among others. Illustrations are the content of anatomical details, functions, behavior, symbiosis, and formation. Usually, illustrations have no use of graphs or charts, however, it might be combined with schematic details to complete a visual representation by with the definition of the function or point out different parts of a structure, for example, diagramming the microscopic animal cell.

Science Illustrations

Why are Science Diagrams Important?

Science diagrams play a key role in enabling a learner to conceptualize technical facts such as anatomy, quantitative data, mechanisms, chemical equations, etc. Diagrams are sometimes the ultimate source of knowledge sharing, since one cannot imagine what they have no idea or intuition about, and one can hardly have an idea of something they haven’t ever seen—such as the anatomy of the brain, or formations of tectonic plates. A teacher cannot fully convey the knowledge, without the supplementary diagrams.

Many study materials often use photographs, but diagrams are different in terms that they achieve both a visual concept as well as define elements like functionality or cycle or behavior. Diagrams are not readily an interpretation of how the subjects look like, which can only be achieved with a photograph, but rather to stimulate the obtrusive details such as the human digestive system, or velocity. Therefore, for a 10-year old pupil, it is easier to conceive the incredible information, that is gathered by the more mature and skillful work of a scientist, following intrinsic studies.

More Types Of Science Diagram

As we learned about the main categories of science diagrams - schematics, charts, graphs and illustrations, here’s more about the different domains, that they are utilized in.

1. Mechanics Diagrams

Mechanic Diagramming is a sub-domain of physics diagrams, that are comprised of schematics, graphs, and illustrations, to convey a process, design & engineering, or formation. Mechanical drawings vastly use lines and angular symbols that are easy to draw, in contrast to other complex structures and shapes used in science illustrations.

Mechanics Diagrams
2. Optics Drawing

Optics drawings are largely used to explain the patterns and behavior of light, sound, magnetism, radioactivity, and such “spectrums” that may be visible or invisible. Usually, schematics are used to show angles, progressions, reactions, etc. sometimes there may be illustrative symbols such as the image of the Sun, or a surface, to complete the project.

Optics Drawing
3. Natural Illustrations

Natural diagrams use illustration and pointing techniques to achieve two goals: detailed visualization of a structure, matter, etc. and define its functions. It largely revolves around anatomies, process orientations, and optics. Natural diagrams represent the sub-domains of medical illustration, botanical illustration, and geological illustrations.

Natural Illustrations

Science Diagram Examples in Biology, Physics and Chemistry

The domain of Science is dispersed and vast. However, all the many branches and their applications can root back to the three main categories of Biology, Physics, and Chemistry. So here are some core examples of diagramming methodologies included under the subject lines.

1. Chemistry Diagrams

Diagrams used in Chemistry include schematic equation diagrams, or illustrative diagrams of laboratory equipment, or charts and graphs to show variations between chemicals. Some of the significant diagramming examples in chemistry, include the Benzene Diagram, Molecular Models and Structural Formulae.

Chemistry Diagram
2. Physics Diagrams

Physics uses mostly optical diagrams and mechanical illustrations, to denote atomic behavior, spectroscopy, and quantitative details. The most significant use of optic diagrams is used in physics studies and projects, along with variations of graphs and charts, such as Jablonski diagram, Kinematic diagrams, and UML diagrams.

Physics Diagram
3. Biology Diagrams

Biology diagrams are perhaps the most complex, and widespread subjects in the Science Illustrations and Diagramming domain. Making it worthwhile with just about anything, from heavily detailed hand-drawn illustrations, to optics drawings, and schematic pointers, so that we can learn more about the most important lessons about life and life science. The most popular biology diagram is about anatomy drawing, which could be about cells, bone structure or the human skull, as well as processes like the respiratory system or photosynthesis.

Biology Diagram

How To Design a Science Diagram With Edraw Max?

The best thing about Edraw Max is that it is not only easy to learn but is also simple to use. The suite uses vector-based clip art of various illustrative symbols like organs, chemical apparatus, objects etc. as well as graphs, charts and schematic diagrams, that are altogether sufficient to give you complete resource of science diagramming, where you as a user, just have to mix and match and adjoin the various elements to create a whole project.

To start using, you can go to the Edraw Max Website to sign it an accountant or go to the Edraw Download Center to get the lastest version of Edraw Max software.

Once you have it, the process just requires a few clicks of the mouse to do the following actions :

  • Launch Edraw software from your PC/Laptop 
  • Go to >>File<< tab on the top left 
  • Select the category “Science” 
  • Select an appropriate domain like chemistry, physics or biology and click on “Edit”
  • Use the given images, symbols, shapes and other characters to drag-and-drop into the worksheet
  • Arrange them by the same drag-and-drop technique, and complete your project 
  • Once you are done, you may save the work on your PC drive, or publish it elsewhere, like social media or email it. 

Tips On Making a Stunning Science Diagram

  • Launch Edraw software from your PC/Laptop 
  • Keep it simple. Science drawings are about technical accuracy, so it is probable to avoid decorative font or using too many colors and dynamic graphics. Stick to the fundamental goals.
  • Explore custom shapes. Make the same diagram in different styles. This way you’ll not only hone your skill but also make your project stand out from stereotyped lessons.
  • Pay attention to a well-contrasted background. The background color should not obstruct the clarity of your diagrams, especially when you are using multiple colors.
  • Use text boxes. For definitions, it is best to tuck it in the text box and keep away from the lines of the diagram, with a single arrow.
  • Use thematic colors. Choose color schemes instead of random ones, to keep your diagrams organized and superior.
  • Do not deviate from rules. Diagramming does require artistry, but you must not deviate from the conventional standards. Especially when you are working with instructive diagrams, where people largely follow a specific standard.

So go ahead! Use the best resources to create superior diagrams. Make your work do the talking, whether in school or at the work-front.

Related Articles